Indo-China Diplomatic Relations

Indo-china (also called Sino-Indian) diplomatic issues have been a burning topic these days, as most people know, this tug-of-war like relationship goes between us, neighbours since ages. Today, we are going to throw some light upon the major issues of diplomatic relation between India and China, to help you get an insight of what is going on nowadays.


Relations between contemporary China and India have been characterised by border disputes, resulting in three major military conflicts – the Sino-Indian War of 1962, the Cho-La incident in 1967, and the 1987 Sino-Indian scuffle. Here’s a list of the major ‘Border disputes between India and China’:

  • Sino-Indian border dispute
  • Aksai Chin – controlled by China and claimed by India.
  • Arunachal Pradesh – controlled by India and claimed by China. Inhabited by Moinbas, Lhobas (Adi), and Daibameis.
  • Doklam conflict
  • Tawang District – controlled by India and claimed by China.
  • Shaksgam Valley – controlled by China and claimed by India (Conferred to China in 1963 by Pakistan) Trans-Karakoram Tract.
  • Bhutan–China border issue
  • Territorial disputes in the South China sea


India and China have failed to resolve the border dispute completely due to numerous diplomatic conflicts. Lately, media houses have been reporting Chinese military incursions into Indian territory and some severe violence between the two armies. Due to this, the government of India has been taking some serious steps to establish peace on the borders, by the means of negotiations and also force, if necessary. Given below is a list of recent peace-breaking incidents between China and India, which have sternly affected our diplomatic relations as well as trade:

  • On 10 May 2020, Chinese and Indian troops clashed in Nathu La, Sikkim, leaving 11 soldiers injured.
  • Following the skirmishes in Sikkim, tensions between the two countries grew in Ladakh, with a build-up of troops at multiple locations.
  • 20 Indian and 43 PLA soldiers were reportedly killed in action on the night of 15/16 June, making the matters worse.
  • On 29 June, the Indian government banned 59 widely-used Chinese mobile phone and desktop apps, in response to the rising tensions and the escalating diplomatic dispute between the two nations.
  • On July 3, 2020 Prime Minister, Narendra Modi went to Leh, to visit the Indian Military encampment of Nimu which gave a strong message to China on the seriousness of the matters at hand.


China and India are the two most populous countries and fastest growing major economies in the world. China is India’s largest trading partner, that’s why we think this ongoing dispute may just not stay between the two countries and could also affect the trades and diplomacy worldwide. If these matters escalate further, other countries may also begin to take sides, either supporting India or China and this could lead to some harsh damage to the world economy and peace, as well. But let’s not think of the worst and hope for the best. We are sure our Foreign Ministry will soon come at a good negotiation and peace will prevail again in the Sino-Indian borders. 

Team ITVI decided to discuss this issue to give our readers a little bit of insight and information regarding the diplomatic relations between China and India. What are your views regarding all this current diplomatic conundrum going on? Let us know, by commenting below!

Until next time, Stay Safe and keep supporting ITVI!

By-Saumya Rani

(Team ITVI)

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